Michael Sherry (Ph.D. Yale, 1975), the Richard W. Leopold Professor of History, is a historian of war, politics, and culture in twentieth century America. For 1998-2001, he also served as Associate Dean of Weinberg College, Northwestern University. His books are Preparing for the Next War : American Plans for Postwar Defense, 1941-45 (1977) ; The Rise of American Air Power : The Creation of Armageddon (1987), which won the Bancroft Prize in 1988 ; In the Shadow of War : The United States since the 1930s (1995) ; and Gay Artists in Modern American Culture : An Imagined Conspiracy (2007). He has contributed frequently to the New York Times Sunday Book Review. He is currently embarked on a project entitled Go Directly to Jail : The Punitive Turn in American Life.